THE Affect OF Financial institution CONSOLIDATION ON AUTOMOTIVE Market Funding IN NIGERIA


The examine examined the influence of financial institution consolidation on automotive sector financing.

sixty one respondents chosen as a result of strategic random sampling technique from GM Motors Nigeria Ltd formed the population for the examine.

Details was collected making use of a study instrument built by the researcher. Chi-Sq. Statistical process was employed to take a look at the hypotheses and all findings held at .05 alpha important level. The Assessment of the info uncovered that the individuals practically unanimously agreed that financial institution consolidation had impacted positively to the automobile sector in Nigerian financial state.

Based on the findings, it was therefore advised among the other folks factors that a standard review of automotive sector in Nigeria by the ideal authorities whilst exertion must be manufactured to increase the electrical power procedure (electricity problem) in Nigeria.


Track record of the Examine

Mergers and acquisitions must be taken very seriously as an instrument for boosting banking effectiveness, measurement, and developmental roles in each and every financial state. Mergers and acquisitions particularly in the banking sector is now a world phenomenon.

All in excess of the globe and supplied the part of finance, measurement has develop into an significant component for achievement in the globalizing globe. The previous couple decades have witnessed the creation of the world’s significant banking groups as a result of mergers and acquisitions. The development has been motivated by aspects such as potential clients of value-financial savings because of to economies of scale as perfectly as additional economical allocation of resources, improved effectiveness in resource allocation, and chance reduction arising from improved administration. Having said that, the automotive sector is not left out in the procedure of alliances. Over the decades the sector has witnessed distinctive forms of world alliances. For cases Renault- Nissan, VW-Skoda, GM-Daewoo to point out a couple them

In the earlier, the modest measurement of most Nigerian banks, every single with expensive headquarters, significant set charges and working costs and with bunching of branches in couple professional facilities had direct to really higher typical value for the sector. This in switch has implications for the value of intermediation, the distribute amongst deposit and lending rates, and puts undue pressures on banks to engage in sharp procedures as indicates of survival. In an exertion to survive the hurdle, the Central Financial institution of Nigeria released the twenty five billion Naira bare minimum funds foundation for banks in an exertion to make our banks a great deal more robust and to capable to contend favorably with other banks in the globe in delivering credit rating services to other sectors of Nigeria financial state.

Having said that, in 2004 as element of economic reform in some emerging economies, the Nigerian banking procedure underwent remarkable improve, in phrases of the quantity of institutions, ownership structure, as perfectly as depth and breadth of operations. Banking institutions begin to merge with other banks whilst more substantial banks begin to receive scaled-down ones whilst automotive sector has develop into an more and more pertinent contributor to country’s’ gross domestic solution, primarily as a result of solid advancement in the motor industries in phrases of growing volume of regional creation and quantity of profits. And this is not peculiar to Nigeria by itself.

This scenario raises the query “what influence of banks consolidation on automotive sector financing in Nigeria? It is significant to visualize this evolution from a daily life cycle of creation assembly and profits that have impacted on the financial statements of GM Motors Nig LTD. In order to sustain this procedure, the automotive sector as a total calls for massive funds depth from solid and reputable financial back again- up to keep on being viable in the financial state and optimize their environmental influence, converse constructive measures to non-governmental business and other stakeholders to discharge their social corporate duties whilst keeping structure of solution, support procedure from a sustainability stage of look at. As a result this get the job done is set to assess the influence of financial institution consolidation and funds provision for the automotive sector financing in Nigeria (A situation examine of GM Nigeria ltd)


GM Nigeria is a foremost participant in the automotive sector and just one of the main motor vehicle assemblers and marketers in the place. GM Nigeria is a joint enterprise company amongst UAC of Nigeria Plc – just one of the major conglomerates in Nigeria and General Motors Company of Detroit, the world’s greatest automobile manufacturers. The marriage of these two organizations gives them the best help and edge in all facets of their operations, i.e. Profits, Parts, Expert services and Assembling.

About GM World-wide
General Motors Corp. (NYSE: GM), the world’s greatest automaker, has been the world sector profits leader since 1931. Started in 1908, GM currently employs about 321,000 persons close to the globe. It has production operations in 32 international locations and its motor vehicles are offered in two hundred international locations.  GM’s automotive models are Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, HUMMER, Oldsmobile, Opel, Pontiac, Saab, Saturn and Vauxhall. In some international locations, the GM distribution network also marketplaces motor vehicles manufactured by GM Daewoo, Isuzu, Subaru and Suzuki

Short Record of GM Motors in Nigeria

1920 – Started as a Business known as Miller Brothers Nigeria Minimal which imported vehicles in to West Africa

1927 – Started importing completely assembled Bedford professional motor vehicles into Nigeria.

1929 – Turned the Motors Department of then UAC, now known as UACN Plc

1931 – Identify improved to Niger Motors Minimal. Continued importing created motor vehicles.

1949 – Commercial Vehicles have been delivered in as double unit packs which contained partially assembled chassis for two motor vehicles in just one pack and the wheels in the 2nd pack to be assembled domestically.

1959 – Set up Nigeria’s To start with Vehicle Assembly Plant at Apapa. The Business assembled the well-known Bedford Vans of a variety of designs.

1965 – The Assembly Plant was renamed Federated Motors Industries, Then popularly known as “FMI” and the distribution arm remained “Niger Motors”.

1979 – FMI began the assembly of vans from “completely knocked down” (CRD) factors.

1980 – The Federal Authorities accorded FMI the “Progressive Vehicle Manufacturer” standing, under the Permitted User Scheme. This nomenclature was to attest to its higher normal and top quality goods at that interval. FMI and Niger Motors have been transformed into divisions of UACN Plc.

1991 – UACN Plc and General Motors Company of United states included GM Nigeria Minimal as a Joint Undertaking Business. The Assets of FMI and Niger Motors have been then transferred to GM Nigeria Minimal.


To be quantity just one in the professional phase of the automotive sector by delivering fantastic benefit to our shoppers.


To give automotive goods of such top quality as to help our shoppers take pleasure in remarkable benefit whilst delighting other stakeholders

Incorporation and Address

GM Nigeria Minimal is included in Nigeria under the Providers & Allied Issues Act 1990 as a private restricted legal responsibility company, and domiciled in Nigeria. The address of its registered workplace is:
31, Mobolaji Johnson Street ,
Oregun Ikeja, Lagos .

Principal Routines

The principal things to do of the company are: assembly of SKD (Semi Knocked Down) motor factors to make medium and significant professional vans, importation of FBU (Totally Crafted Unit) decide on-ups, marketing and distribution of motor vehicles as a result of its network or branches and dealers nationwide. The company provides solution help for sections and support at its Oregun plant, Port Harcourt branch, Abuja branch and as a result of its quite a few Parts and solutions dealers. The company is also involved in provision of complex training for workers, dealers and fleet customer’s staff.

The firm’s solution selection incorporates Isuzu Gentle, medium and significant professional motor vehicles (all with a variety of body programs).

Shareholding Of Gm Nigeria Ltd

In accordance to the register of customers at thirty first December, 2007, the subsequent shareholders of the company held additional than ten% of the funds issued shared funds of the company:


Range of Shares

Share Held (%)

UAC of Nigeria Plc



General Motors, United states



Staff members of GM motors Nigeria       12,000,000                                 ten

Resource financial assertion GM motors 2007

one.two       Assertion OF THE Issue

Severe countrywide attempts to the improvement of the automotive sector in Nigeria took spot in the early 1970s, with first joint enterprise agreements amongst Peugeot and Volkswagen organizations. By 2001, there have been in excess of 20 distinctive enterprises production distinctive forms of motor vehicles, from boats to vans, like motorcycles and bicycles automobiles in Nigeria. The capacity utilization of the the vast majority of these organizations is, on the other hand, really very low, mainly because of to the higher value of importing the factors desired to assemble motor vehicles, non federal government patronage and very poor funds foundation of some of these companies. By the introduction of the coverage of financial institution consolidation a lot of Nigeria feels that the banking sector will see to the conclude of this challenge. But on the opposite, Nigeria roadways are littered with imported 2nd hand vehicle, many of them as previous as 10years, as the place is an desirable dumping ground for all forms of toxic waste whilst a lot of automotive organizations in Nigeria winding up. As a result this examine is sets to study the influence of financial institution consolidation on automotive financing in Nigeria.

THE Targets OF THE Examine

     This examine sets out to:

  1. To set up the results of financial institution consolidation on funds provision for the automobile sector in Nigeria.
  2. To give a investigate oriented framework for the improvement of superior understanding of the simple areas and worth of financial institution consolidation as it affects automotive sector in any financial state.
  3. To decide the inherent marriage amongst financial institution consolidation and funds provision for the automotive sector
  4. Identify the resent boost financial assertion of GM motors and the working funds out there for the sector

  Investigate Queries

       The subsequent Investigate Queries will thus guild this examine:

  1. In what way does the financial institution consolidation have an impact on funding for the automotive sector in Nigeria?
  2. What are the advantages that the automotive sector has derive from financial institution consolidation physical exercise?
  3. To what extent does Banking institutions consolidation give a vehicle for automotive sector survival in a dynamic business natural environment?
  4. To what extent does financial institution consolidation enrich advancement in the automotive industries?
  5. To what extent does the resultant effect of banks consolidation boost the sector probable of the automotive sector


The subsequent stated investigate hypotheses will guild this examine:

 Speculation one

Ho: There is no important influence of financial institution consolidation and funds provision for the automotive sector in Nigeria.

H1: There is a important influence of financial institution consolidation and funds provision for the automotive sector in Nigeria.

Speculation two

Ho: Banking institutions consolidation do not provides a vehicle for automotive sector survival and advancement, in a dynamic business natural environment.

H1: Banking institutions consolidation provides a vehicle for automotive sector survival in a dynamic business natural environment.

Speculation 3

H0: The effect banks mergers does not boost the sector probable of the automotive sector

H1: The effect of banks merger boosts the sector probable of the automotive sector

one.6       Importance OF THE Examine

The investigate is important in the subsequent means: Firstly, it will help traders in the automobile sector to ideal the alternatives offered by the consolidation physical exercise in that specific sector.

Next, it will even more assist business people to realize the relevance of consolidation of banks to funds provision and finally, it will provide as useful resource of product for researchers and students.


This Examine will be restricted to Sixty just one staffs of GM motor Nigeria Ltd. It will covers the funding of the automotive sector in Nigeria.


 The examine only seemed at the influence of financial institution consolidation on the automotive sector. The population of the examine covers only the staff members of GM motors Ltd Oregun, Lagos. Therefore, this examine might not be generalized.

As the researcher was the sole interviewer and instrument of this examine, researcher bias might be probable in any of the interpretations. Though the researcher labored really hard to hold out any particular thoughts, the chance of subjectivity might continue to be present.

Also, it is probable that respondents didnt give correct information about their operations in other to keep some level of social dignity. Human Sources supervisor of the business also had to remedy interview questions from the researcher. This offered a sure level of uncomfortableness and uncertainty as he was concerned that he might be judged by his responses. And finally the dearth of literature materials in the automobile sector also was a key obstacle

 Summary of Conclusions

This get the job done examined the impacts of banks consolidation on automotive sector financing, making use of G.M Motor Ltd as a situation examine. Sixty copies of questionnaires have been dispersed, fifty just one have been returned giving eighty five% response rate. The success of the findings present that:consolidation have offered a vehicle for automotive sector survival and advancement in a dynamic business natural environment.

Yet again, automotive sector seems to expand because of to banks consolidation that can give massive funds need in situation of enlargement as a result of new goods improvement or acquisition of modest automotive organizations and this is commonly a approach to type world alliances built to monopolize and grow the brand picture when merger take place and achieve in some instances political electrical power. In addition, banks consolidation provides a vehicle for automotive industry’s’ corporate survival and advancement in a dynamic financial natural environment as it boosts the power of automotive sector and thus it boosts automotive industry’s financial capacity. Also the success showed that banks merger provides economies of scale and achieve some type of synergy for the automotive sector and the resultant influence of banks consolidation boosts the sector probable of the automotive sector.

The investigate also uncovered that banks consolidation outcome in a greater sector selling price and greater earnings for each share coupled with improvements in its stability however opinion is divided as to no matter if the dividend right before and soon after automotive sector alliances cannot be maintained soon after the consolidation in order for the sector selling price of the automotives stock to be proven.

Banking institutions consolidation seems to boost corporate electrical power and increase sector share in some instances, ensuing in a greater selling price earning ratio. The get the job done also showed that financial institution consolidation aids the automotive sector in financing that would not or else be probable to get hold of, which helps to achieve some synergistic effect with no solid bank’s financial funds foundation.

Also uncovered by the examine is the fact that banks Consolidation brings about adverse automotive sector financial sustainable results because the expected advantages did not materialize for anticipated value reductions have been not forthcoming consequently it must outcome in greater earnings or increase its stability. In addition, the findings showed that banks merger is vested in automotive sector skill to foster advancement and the resultant profitability which will or else be hard and practically be extremely hard with no banks solid capitalization


Nigerian’s automobile sector is just one of the continent’s fastest escalating sectors, but it lacks the vital regional technological know-how and finance to totally harness its probable and contribute to countrywide advancement and improvement. This point out of affairs has ensured that investing in the sector has develop into the maintain of just a couple overseas organizations in the automobile sector, mainly based mostly outside the house of the continent. Financial institution Consolidation released in Nigeria in 2005, is an expression of solid desire of Nigeria federal government to fortify an instrument for boosting banking effectiveness, measurement, and developmental roles in her financial state. It is pertinent to know that this physical exercise has assisted the automaker sector to raise funds that might be require in periods of boom as perfectly as depression and prosperous entry into goods sector as perfectly as into new geographical marketplaces in Nigeria. The primary intent of corporate entities has been to boost the financial and operational power. Banking institutions, consolidation has helped in participating in significant roles of supporting the real sector like automotive sector in a world context consequently banks have remained a new phenomenon in financing significant assignments in automotive sector in the corporate business globe.

Outdoors the funds provision the automobile sector in Nigeria has also professional a lot a great deal neglect than other sectors ( Abiodun 2008). In in search of to achieve achievement in this sector vigorous attempts must be manufactured to counter some of this aspects which are known to have hindered achievement in this sector in the earlier like electrical power, regional written content coverage and restriction on the importation of vehicles which can be domestically assembled listed here. Effort must be manufactured to sustain this minimal improvement that has been recorded in this sector as outcome of financial institution consolidation.


Based on the findings from the examine and the info at the disposal of the researchers, the subsequent recommendations are manufactured

  • Typical and examine review of the automotive sections/factors improvement sector in Nigeria by the ideal authorities
  • Authorities must give incentive actions to inspire the regional auto makers for  ensuring compliance with authorized regional programmes
  • The right of inspection and other top quality assurance things to do in factories, ports and roadways in pursuance of bare minimum normal of automobile on Nigeria Roadways by the ideal authorities
  • Typical analysis of the pricing structure and top quality of the goods of the assembly vegetation to ensure intercontinental competitiveness
  • Forecasting the desire and source patterns for a variety of forms of automotive motor vehicles made in Nigeria and the simple raw product requirements by the ideal authorities
  • The automobile sector must liaise with relevant organisations charged with the creation of raw materials (such as sheet metallic alloy and special steel) and make confident is out there when desired

Ultimately, The Nigerian federal government as a make a difference of urgency must articulate procedures that can encourage the improvement of regional technological know-how. Basic complex capacities which must consist of discouraging imports of completely created up units, delivering incentives to regional assemblers to boost regional written content in creation (tax reduction and subsidies) and polices to ensure regional written content in various percentages.